VOL.17 NO.3 SEP-DEC 2016
Endorsement of 'The White Paper: The Next Wave' at the APEC Annual Minister's Meeting
17-18 November 2016
RRC.AP successfully completed Trash Free Seas Alliance funded - Ocean Conservancy Project on breaking the barriers for waste management in Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam. The project team consisted of Ocean Conservancy, AIT RRC.AP, Closed Loop Fund, Encourage Capital, Plastic for Change, and Waste2Resources. AIT RRC.AP was responsible for the assessment of national and sub-national policies, plans and programs on waste management and formulate policy recommendations for breaking the barriers to waste management. Other partners were engaged in developing volumetric and financing model to test vertically integrated waste system scenarios. In the leadership of Ocean Conservancy, the diverse project team was successful in drafting a White Paper titled "The Next Wave: Investment Strategies for Plastic Free Seas."
One of the highlights of the White Paper was the nine Policy and Practice Recommendations to invite (and de-risk) responsible waste investment, which was presented at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) high level meeting 'Overcoming Barriers to Financing Waste Management Systems in Emerging Asia-Pacific Economies' on 28-29 September 2016, Tokyo, Japan.
Following the success of the APEC Financing Summit in Tokyo, a set of recommendations in the APEC Annual Report to Ministers 2016 was endorsed by the Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) on 17-18 November 2016 at the APEC Annual Minister's Meeting held in Lima, Peru. RRC.AP was an instrumental part of developing these policy and practices recommendations.
Meetings and Events
National Training Workshops on Mercury Inventory - "Development of Minamata Initial Assessment" in Cambodia, Pakistan and Philippines
AIT RRC.AP, in its Project Cooperation Agreement with UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) is under taking a capacity building activity on mercury waste inventory for Minamata Initial Assessment (MIA) in Pakistan, Cambodia, and the Philippines. The objectives of the training are to: i) provide guidance on conducting and reporting the MIA; ii) guide the country in preparing the inventories of mercury using the UNEP toolkit level 1 or level 2; and iii) review the progress of MIA project with emphasis on the mercury inventories.
The first training session was organized in Islamabad, Pakistan on 7-9 September 2016. About 30 participants participated the workshop from various institutions, the Ministry of Climate Change, provincial Environmental Protection Agencies, health institutions, industry, academic societies, NGO and mass media.
The MIA mercury waste inventory training for Cambodia was organized in close coordination with the Ministry of Environment (MoE), in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 30 Nov- 2 December 2016. About 12 technical officers from MoE core working group participated in the training.
The third training on MIA was organized from 20-21 December 2016 in Philippines. The MIA training was coordinated by the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Philippines. About 20 participants participated in the interactive training from the core technical MIA working group of EMB/DENR, selected DENR regional offices, line agencies, and NGOs such as BAN toxics and EcoWAste.
National and City Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan Workshop
14-16 December 2016
A 3-day national workshop was jointly organised by the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) of Mongolia in coordination with UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre (UNEP IETC) and the AIT RRC.AP on 14-16 December 2016 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The objective of the workshop was to review the draft national and city waste management strategy and action plan from Mongolia and Ulaanbaatar City.
The workshop tabled the Draft National Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan documents, and present the pilot demonstration project concept to about 60 participants from national, provincial, administrative officials of Ulaanbaatar City, and a wide range of stakeholders from I/NGOs, academia, and waste management and recycling businesses representing the private sector.
The consultative process during the workshop was able to review the vision, mission, strategic objectives, and action plans for both national and city strategies. The feedback received at the workshop will be incorporated in the final version of the national and city waste management strategy and action plan.
The workshop was a positive step towards securing an approval and ownership from the concerned authorities (i.e. MET, and UB City Mayor's Office) to the strategy development process as well as in implementing these strategies and action plans in the future, while aligning with its new Waste Law Framework 2016.
The workshop also included a capacity building training component on E waste management. The training included presentation of the various methodology on E waste inventory development, and the material/trade/flow chain of E waste in Mongolia, followed by a presentation on the E waste collection, transportation and recovery technologies, and policy and regulatory framework.
Training Programme on Developing Project Proposals on Climate Change Mitigation
12-16 December 2016
The Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP) in partnership with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), under the umbrella of the Climate Change Asia (CCA), and with the generous financial support from the Ministry of Environment, Japan, delivered the pilot training on Developing Project Proposals on Climate Change Mitigation between 12 and 16 December 2016 in Bangkok, Thailand.
Having consulted the target countries, RRC.AP designed the training programme covering a detailed introduction to the process of developing bankable project proposals complemented by hands-on exercises. In response to the needs expressed by the target countries, the training programme was developed focusing exclusively on project proposals for the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The GCF allows for and promotes direct access, which means that projects can be developed, managed and implemented entirely by national accredited entities.
Therefore, strengthening of project development capacities at national (beneficiary country) level is of paramount importance. The training programme aimed to contribute to the deployment of clean technologies and the advancement of low-emission climate-resilient development by establishing a cadre of skilled personnel in Asia able to prepare bankable projects.
The training programme targeted staff from government agencies responsible for, and involved in, various capacities, in the development of project proposals. The selection of appropriate participants was carried out in consultation and cooperation with relevant national institutions, which were visited during October 2016 and further approached during November 2016. Twenty trainees from six Asian countries successfully completed the training, which involved the preparation of outlines and draft concept notes of projects to be submitted to the GCF. Further mentoring to the trainees is being planned.
Workshop on Financing for Renewable Energy in Small Island Developing States
1-3 December 2016
Building on the momentum from the previous renewable energy financing workshops for the Pacific Island Countries and Territories organised by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the Ministry of the Environment of Japan (MOEJ), and the United States Departments of State and Energy, a three-day workshop was convened in Nadi, Fiji, from 1 to 3 December, 2016, to identify barriers to project development, and discuss a regional programme approach to facilitate access to climate finance.
The deliberations focused on the core elements and prerequisites of a bankable proposal and the key investment criteria of multilateral financial institutions. Focussed group discussions held in two breakout sessions tackled the need for capacity building and energy efficient transport from a regional perspective. Finally, the workshop explored non-traditional ways to access climate finance as well as innovative and strategic ways of using financial risk mitigation instruments and risk-sharing facilities.
An outcome document was developed highlighting the challenges, the lessons learned and the way forward for financing renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in the Pacific region. The workshop was held in the Tanoa International Hotel and was attended by 18 delegates from PICTs and 22 representatives of international and regional organisations, multilateral financial institutions and development agencies.
The workshop, which primarily aimed to initiate an in-depth discussion on renewable energy financing, had the following three key objectives: 1) to identify key challenges and barriers in various stages of project development and discuss ways to both overcome and prevent them; 2) to share and discuss new project opportunities, ideas, and practical steps to develop them into bankable project proposals; and 3) to explore ways of financing beyond the traditional direct funding approach.
The workshop included presentations by representatives of international organisations, multilateral financial institutions and development agencies; updates from SIDS delegates on their renewable energy project ideas; group discussions on potential regional projects and the way forward. The presentations delivered during the workshop can be accessed.
A post-workshop survey revealed that the participants were very satisfied with it. The participants recommended that a follow-up to this workshop should take the form of a training programme on the fundamentals of proposal formulation, and should include practical sessions on the GCF process from project idea to a full concept note, and a discussion on the bottlenecks in project development in the context of PICTs.
Webinar with Key Authors of the Asia Waste Management Outlook (AWMO), 24 November 2016
24 November, 2016
In partnership with UNEP IETC, RRC.AP is coordinating the development of AWMO-a regional outlook on the waste management in Asia. A webinar was hosted by RRC.AP on 24 November, where all lead authors of the AWMO were invited to discuss the progress on AWMO. Currently the team is preparing the second draft of the AWMO prior to circulation for review to experts on waste management in Asia and other experts in other regions.
Excellent Paper Award
24-26 November 2016
West Bengal, India
Dr. Ram Lal Verma has participated in the 6th International Conference on Solid Waste Management (IconSWM 2016) held in Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India from 24-26 November 2016. He presented a research paper, co-authored by Mr. Guilberto Borongan, titled “Estimation of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Municipal Solid Waste of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam”, during the conference. The presented research was greatly appreciated and applauded by the researchers attending the conference. The IconSWM 2016 has published the article in the conference proceeding and was awarded with “Excellent Paper Award”. Later, the article will be published in peer review journal of the waste management.
Eighteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG18) on the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET)
22-23 November 2016
RRC.AP provided support services to the Secretariat for the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) at UNEP ROAP in organising the Eighteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG18) on the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) held at the United Nations Conference Center (UNCC) in Bangkok, Thailand, on 22‐23 November 2016. The Session endorsed Framework Document on the Arrangements of the Secretariat for the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) between UNEP and the EANET which was signed by the Chairperson of the IG18 on behalf of the thirteen participating countries of the EANET at the end of the Session. The Framework Document would be subsequently counter-signed by the Executive Director of UNEP. The IG18 also approved the Third Periodic Report on the State of Acid Deposition in East Asia and the Work Program and Budget of the EANET in 2017.
Sixteenth Session of the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC16) on the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET)
24-26 October 2016
RRC.AP supported the Secretariat for the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) at UNEP ROAP in organising the Sixteenth Session of the Scientific Advisory Committee on the EANET (SAC16) held in Pathumthani, Thailand, on 24-26 October 2016. On the major issues, the Session agreed on the draft Periodic Report on the State of Acid Deposition in East Asia and reviewed the Work Program and Budget of the EANET in 2017 on the technical viewpoints to be submitted for the consideration and approval by the Eighteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG18) on the EANET.
Managing Project Preparation for Climate Change Adaptation
20-22 October 2016
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Back to back with the 5th Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum, the Climate Change Asia (CCA) conducted its fourth training workshop on 'Managing Project Preparation for Climate Change Adaptation' from 20-22 October in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The three-day version of the five-day training course tackled the challenges of developing a bankable proposal, drawing primarily, from lessons learned through the Adaptation Fund and the Green Climate Fund.
It was participated by Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka. A key feature of the training course are the guided workshopping sessions where participants do practical exercises in framing key adaptation challenges and developing appropriate and bankable project designs to tackle them. The training workshop received commendations from the participants for its highly engaging learning experience and insightful selection of lessons carefully crafted to build the capacity to manage and develop bankable climate adaptation projects. The next training workshop of this course will be conducted in the month of December in Bangkok, Thailand.
Fifth Asia Pacific Adaptation Forum
17-19 October 2016
Colombo, Sri Lanka
The Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP) organised two sessions at the 5th Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum held in Colombo, Sri Lanka from 17 to 19 October 2016. The two sessions were entitled Adaptation Knowledge Networks: Lessons from the Region, and Enabling access to climate finance: Experiences from the Asia-Pacific Region.
The session on Adaptation Knowledge Networks, chaired by Ms. Alla Metelitsa, Head of Climate Change at RRC.AP, brought together three leading knowledge networks from around the globe – Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) covering North America, Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action (REGATTA) for Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN) for which the RRC.AP is a pioneering core technical partner. The presentations of these three networks explored the ingredients of a successful regional knowledge network, cost-effective mechanisms of knowledge sharing, and ways of measuring the impacts of the knowledge networks. Through the discussions, it was clear that the success of knowledge networks is achieved through the synthesis of quality information in ways that are clear and actionable for adaptation practitioners and made available through a platform with functionality and ease of access as primary considerations.
With the growing number of online users of knowledge exchange platforms, the emerging challenge is to ensure the sustainability of operations of Regional Adaptation Networks to enable and maintain stakeholders to access, share and utilise adaptation knowledge required for the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The ways to achieve this sustainability could include broadening a donor base, promoting South-South cooperation and building partnerships of regional organisations that would provide in-kind support. As a takeaway message, adaptation knowledge is in big demand and the regional adaptation networks have proven to be an effective mean to collect, generate, repackage and widely disseminate this knowledge.
A common understanding reached through this session is that climate finance is more than just access to climate funds. It is the combination of management, planning, access, implementation, monitoring, and the capacity to perform tasks effectively. The main challenge then is how to build and sustain the capacity of governments to effectively adapt to the effects and impacts of climate change.
A critical insight is that there is no dearth of funds for climate adaptation. Instead, what is lacking are well developed bankable projects proposals brought about by two main issues: (i) there is a huge deficit in capacity building in the region, and (ii) the difficulty in scaling up successful adaptation pilots and demonstrations as well as scaling down and replication of large-scale projects.
To address the core problem of developing bankable proposals and therefore enable climate financing for adaptation, the way forward includes: (1) ensuring that the capacity of key actors including governments, national financial institutions and practitioners are built to manage project preparation and formulate, implement, and monitor projects effectively; and (2) encouraging the national government and the education system to see the development process through a climate change lens and recognise adaptation as development done right.
In addition, the RRC.AP also participated in the open exhibit where key organisations in the region such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Climate Investment Funds (CIF), Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), BRACED Programme of UK-AID, and Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) put up booths to showcase knowledge products, introduce respective scopes of work, and interface with more than 800 participants of the forum.
Fifteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG15) of the Malé Declaration
16 October 2016
Colombo, Sri Lanka
The Fifteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG15) of the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia (Malé Declaration) was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 16 October 2016. Representatives of the member counties, namely: Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka participated in the Session.
Experts from South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) and the Secretariat, the Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRCAP) also attended the Session.
Mr. Osamu Mizuno, RRC.AP Director, delivered the Opening Remarks on behalf of the Secretariat. He stressed that the global environment now runs through the entire 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
He pointed out that that air pollution and climate change are not separate issues in the current scientific understanding and opportunity for co-benefits for air pollution and climate change in emission reduction policy, which is of particular importance in South Asia as well as in other developing regions around the globe.
Mr. Janaka Gunawardana, Director, Air Resource Management and Ozone Unit, Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment, Sri Lanka delivered the Welcome Remarks. He emphasized on the importance of the continuous air quality monitoring and expressed consideration on upcoming Phase VI that will support the network's reengineering and continuous operation.
Dr. Muhammad Khurshid, Director General, South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP) also delivered Remarks during the meeting, reaffirming its support to the Malé Declaration.
The IG15 considered, discussed, and endorsed the following agenda: (1) Review on the progress of implementation of the Malé Declaration; (2) Consideration on the Draft Report of the Expert Group on Strengthening the Framework of Malé Declaration; (3) Consideration on the Plan for Phase VI of the Male' Declaration; and (4) Consideration on the Work Programme and Budget of Malé Declaration for 2017. The Session was facilitated by Mr. J. S. Kamyotra, the Regional Facilitator.
The Newsletter and Proceeding
25 November 2015
The Malé Declaration Secretariat had recently published the Newsletter and the Proceedings of the Fourteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG14) of the Malé Declaration. The Newsletter covers the activities undertaken during the Phase V (2014-2016) implementation of the network. The Proceedings contains the report and the presentations during the IG14 held on 25 November 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand. Both publications were distributed during the Fifteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG15) held on 16 October 2016, Colombo, Sri Lanka, and will also be disseminated in other events.